Qualitative Behavior of the Solutions to Delay and Difference Euations
Ключевые слова:oscillation, delay differential equations, difference equations
It is noteworthy to observe that a first-order linear ordinary differential equation without delay
does not possess oscillatory solutions. Therefore the investigation of oscillatory solutions is of
interest for equations with delays or for the discrete analogue difference equations. Furthermore, the
mathematical modelling of several real-world problems leads to differential equations that depend
on the past history rather than only the current state. In this article conditions are presented
such that all solutions of delay and difference equations are oscillatory while all solutions of the
corresponding ordinary differential equations without delay are, for example, decreasing and tend
to zero. Equations with constant and variable arguments are investigated. Several examples of
delay and difference equations with applications to many sectors of life are presented.
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